What is Spring Framework in Java - onlyxcodes

Sunday 16 April 2023

What is Spring Framework in Java

Java programmers are familiar with the Spring Framework.

Modern Java-based enterprise applications can be programmed and configured using the Spring Framework, a Java-based application framework. It is an open-source framework that has undergone continual updating and improvement since its initial release in 2003.

This article covers the Spring Framework, why it is so well-liked by developers, as well as its features, types, and benefit.

what is spring framework in java

Table Content

1. What is Spring Framework?

2. Types of Spring Framework

3. Features of Spring Framework

4. Benefits of Using Spring Framework

5. How to Download Spring Framework

6. Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Spring Framework?

The Spring Framework is an open-source Java platform that provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing Java applications. 

It was created by Rod Johnson in 2003 and has grown significantly in popularity among Java developers. 

With the help of the Spring Framework, developers can create complicated applications more rapidly and effectively thanks to capabilities like Dependency Injection (DI), Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP), and Inversion of Control (IoC).

2. Types of Spring Framework

The Spring Framework is composed of several modules, each of which offers particular features and functionality. The following list includes some of the most popular Spring Framework types:

Spring Core

The Spring Core module is the foundation of the entire Spring Framework. 

The framework's fundamental features, such as Dependency Injection (DI), Inversion of Control (IoC), and Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP), are provided. 

Additionally, the Spring Core module supports resource loading, validation, and internationalization.

Spring Web MVC

Model-view-controller (MVC) frameworks are used to create web applications, and the Spring Web MVC module is one of them. 

It has functions like request mapping, exception handling, and data binding and is built on top of the Spring Core module.

Spring Boot

A well-liked module called Spring Boot makes it simple to develop standalone, production-ready Spring-based apps. 

By streamlining the configuration and setup procedure, it offers a rapid and effective way to begin working with the Spring Framework. 

The Apache Tomcat server is already embedded into Spring Boot, allowing you to run Spring Boot applications on it. It is not required to connect to an external apache tomcat server.

Spring Data

Accessing and persisting data in a variety of data stores, including databases, NoSQL databases, and message brokers, is made consistent and simple with the help of Spring Data. 

It offers support for data access technologies like MongoDB, Redis, JDBC, and JPA.

Spring Security

For Spring-based applications, Spring Security's strong and flexible security architecture offers authentication, authorization, and other security capabilities. 

It supports typical security use cases like access control and user authentication.

Spring Integration

Message-driven architectures are supported by the lightweight integration framework Spring Integration. It offers an easy and flexible method for integrating various systems and applications.

Through declarative adapters, it provides integration with external systems and enables lightweight messaging within Spring-based applications. These adapters offer a greater degree of abstraction than Spring's support for messaging, scheduling, and remote access.

The fundamental objective of Spring Integration is to offer a simple approach to developing corporate integration solutions while upholding the separation of concerns required to produce maintainable, testable code.

Spring Batch

A strong batch-processing framework called Spring Batch offers support for handling massive amounts of data in a batch-oriented manner.

It offers support for typical batch processing use cases, including handling errors, processing data, and reading and writing files into databases.

The framework can be used by high-volume batch processes in a highly scalable way to process significant amounts of data.

Spring Cloud

Spring Cloud is a set of frameworks and technologies that supports the development and deployment of cloud-native applications. 

It offers assistance for typical cloud-based use cases including load balancing, configuration management, and service discovery.

Spring WebFlux

In the Spring ecosystem, Spring WebFlux is a reactive web framework that offers web application developers an alternative to Spring MVC. 

It enables programmers to create non-blocking, asynchronous, event-driven programs that can manage numerous concurrent connections while using few system resources. 

It supports a variety of reactive programming paradigms, including Project reactors and Reactive Streams.


The Spring ecosystem includes a library called Spring HATEOAS that enables the creation of hypermedia-driven RESTful APIs. 

It assists developers in building REST endpoints with links to similar resources so that users can traverse the API without being aware of the URLs. 

HATEOAS (Hypermedia As The Engine Of Application State) is a strategy that makes it possible for APIs to be more adaptable, discoverable, and self-documenting.

Spring REST Docs

A testing library in the Spring ecosystem called Spring REST Docs assists developers in writing documentation for their RESTful APIs. 

Developers can maintain the documentation current with the implementation because it creates documentation based on the API tests. 

Asciidoctor and HTML are only a couple of the document formats that Spring REST Docs provide.

Spring Mobile

A framework called Spring Mobile is part of the Spring platform and aids programmers in building mobile web apps. 

It delivers capabilities for device recognition and site adaptation, enabling developers to alter the online content according to the specifications of the requesting device.

3. Features of Spring Framework

Spring Framework provides a variety of features that facilitate the development of enterprise applications. 

Web apps, enterprise apps, and microservices may all be created using the framework's extensive programming and configuration paradigm. 

Additionally, it offers integration with other well-known frameworks and libraries, including JSF, Struts, and Hibernate.

Dependency Injection

Dependency Injection (DI) is one of the Spring Framework's most significant features. 

A programming method called dependency injection enables the creation of new objects and their injection into other objects as dependencies. 

Dependency Injection is used by the Spring Framework to produce loosely connected objects that are simple to test and maintain. 

The Dependency Injection feature of Spring enables programmers to write extremely modular and reusable code.

Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP)

Another key feature of the Spring Framework is aspect-oriented programming (AOP). 

AOP enables programmers to divide the central business logic of an application from cross-cutting difficulties. 

The code is now simpler to read and maintain as a result. An application can incorporate cross-cutting issues like logging, security, and transaction management using the robust AOP architecture provided by the Spring architecture.

Spring MVC Framework

Built on top of the Spring Framework, Spring MVC is an excellent web application framework. 

It offers a range of capabilities that make it easier to design web apps. 

Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, offered by Spring MVC, divides an application's presentation layer from its business logic. 

Additionally, it offers other view technologies, like Thymeleaf and JSP.

Data Access Framework / Integration

A robust data access architecture offered by Spring architecture makes it easier to construct database-driven applications. 

Integration with well-liked data access technologies like JDBC, Hibernate, and JPA is made possible by the framework. 

Additionally, it assists with integration with NoSQL databases like MongoDB.

Spring Security

Web applications can be secured using several features that Spring Security's robust security framework provides. 

The framework offers tools for authentication and authorization that can be applied to restrict access to resources inside an application. 

It assists with many security standards, including OAuth.

Spring Boot

A solid platform called Spring Boot is based on the Spring Framework. 

The development of apps that are suitable for production is made easier by the features it offers. 

Auto-configuration, embedded servers, and metrics that are ready for production are just a few of the features provided by Spring Boot. 

It additionally provides connections with other widely used technologies, like AWS, Docker, and Kubernetes.

Internationalization (i18n) and Localization

Resource bundles are used by Spring to facilitate i18n and localization. Resource bundles have messages that are particular to a given location that can be used to localize and internationalize a Spring application. 

To handle resource bundles, Spring by default makes use of the MessageSource interface provided by Java. The MessageSource interface offers ways to format messages, load message bundles, and retrieve messages by code and locale.

Spring Cloud

For creating cloud-native apps, there is a set of tools and frameworks called Spring Cloud. 

It includes support for a variety of cloud platforms and services, including Spring Cloud Config for centralized configuration management and Netflix Eureka for service discovery. 

Aside from supporting the development of microservices-based architectures, Spring Cloud also offers tools like Spring Cloud Netflix and Spring Cloud Gateway.

Event Handling

The ApplicationListener interface is used by Spring to support event handling. 

When a user logs in or a database record is modified, for example, an application event is an object that represents that event in the application. 

Objects that receive and process application events are known as event listeners. Multiple listeners can receive and process the same event thanks to Spring's usage of the Observer design pattern to manage event listeners.

Inversion of Control (IoC)

IoC is a design pattern in which a framework or container, rather than the application, is in control of an application's flow. 

The ApplicationContext container is used by Spring to implement IoC. 

The application may concentrate on its core logic rather than worrying about object dependencies since the ApplicationContext container manages the creation, configuration, and lifecycle of application objects. 

AOP, i18n and localization, event handling, and other features are all supported via the ApplicationContext container.

4. Benefits of Using Spring Framework

There are several benefits of using Spring Framework for developing Java-based applications. Some of the key benefits are:


Because Spring Framework is resource-efficient, it may be used with little overhead. This makes it perfect for creating applications that can operate on low-powered devices or in contexts with limited resources.

Modular Design

Because the Spring Framework is modular, you can only use the parts that you need. Because of this, creating applications that are customized to meet your unique demands is simple.

Simplified Testing

For developers to create unit tests for their applications, the Spring Framework offers a simple and easy-to-use testing framework. 

Developers can test their code independently using the framework's testing tools, which makes it simpler to find and fix errors.

Easy Integration with Other Frameworks and Libraries

With additional frameworks and libraries like Hibernate, Struts, and JSF, the Spring Framework makes integration simple. 

Developers can utilize other libraries and frameworks without worrying about compatibility thanks to the framework's integration features.

Inversion of Control (IoC) Container

The fundamental part of Spring Framework is the IoC container. It controls how objects are created and configured in Java applications. In addition, it controls object dependencies.

Dependency Injection 

The support for Dependency Injection provided by the Spring Framework is one of its core features. 

By allowing objects to be loosely connected, the programming method known as Dependency Injection (DI) makes it simpler to manage complicated systems. 

Java programs can easily perform dependency injection thanks to the Spring Framework.

Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP)

The Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) abilities of the Spring Framework make it simpler for programmers to create modular code. 

The AOP features of the framework enable developers to decouple the application's main business logic from cross-cutting issues like logging, security, and transaction management.

Transaction Management

Transaction management is fully supported by the Spring Framework. 

Developers can easily write code that manages complex transactions using the framework's transaction management features without worrying about the underlying infrastructure.


The Spring Framework provides strong security support. The security functions of the framework make it simple for developers to incorporate security mechanisms including encryption, authentication, and authorization.

Supports Reactive Programming

Reactive programming is supported by the Spring Framework. The reactive programming abilities of the framework let programmers create code that can process countless concurrent requests without blocking.

Community Support and Active Development

The development of the Spring Framework is supported by a sizable and vibrant community of developers. The community's support for the framework ensures that it is always evolving.

5. How to Download Spring Framework 

To download the Spring Framework, you can follow these steps:

Go to https://repo.spring.io/ui/native/release/org/springframework/spring to access the Spring Framework website. 

The "Download" button is located in the page's upper right corner.

Choose the Spring Framework version you wish to download by scrolling down to the "Current Releases" section.

Select your preferred delivery format, such as ZIP or TAR.GZ.

Next to the distribution format you've chosen, click the download button.

Extract the contents of the compressed file to the chosen directory after the download is finished.

I'm done now! The Spring Framework has now been downloaded and is available for usage.

6. Frequently Asked Questions

What are the benefits of using Spring Framework in Java development?

There are many benefits to using Spring Framework in Java development, including:

Improved productivity and code quality

Modular application design

Declarative transaction management

Simplified database access

Simplified web application development

Is Spring Framework difficult to learn?

Although the learning curve for the Spring Framework is steep, it is not very challenging if you are already experienced with Java development. The framework offers a lot of functionality, therefore mastering it can take some time.

Can Spring Framework be used with other Java frameworks?

Yes, Hibernate and other Java frameworks can be used in combination with the Spring Framework.

Is Spring Framework suitable for small projects?

Any project size, from tiny to huge business applications, can use the Spring Framework.

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